Emergency aid to the Afghan people – Afghanistan

The World Bank Broader Approach (Approach 2.0) was approved by the World Bank Board of Directors on March 1, 2022, based on the decision of ARTF donors and the international community to support the Afghan people. The approach guides the delivery of over $1 billion of ARTF funds in the form of recipient-executed grants to select UN agencies and international NGOs. This approach aims to support the delivery of essential basic services, protect vulnerable Afghans, support human capital and essential economic and social services, and help reduce the need for humanitarian assistance in the future.

Currently, under Approach 2.0, five ARTF-funded projects totaling $893 million are providing urgent and essential food, livelihood, health and education services to the Afghan population and supporting NGO capacities . All projects are implemented off-budget and outside the control of the Taliban Interim Administration, through United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations. Activities are coordinated with other multilateral and bilateral funding commitments for Afghanistan.

These projects are designed to help women and girls benefit from all project activities. All projects also have internal fiduciary control and independent monitoring arrangements to ensure that funds are used for the intended purpose.

  • Afghanistan Emergency Food Security Project contribute to the production of food crops for small Afghan farmers and prevent further deterioration of food security. The project will focus on wheat production, supporting approximately 300,000 households during the November 2022 planting season and another 300,000 households during the March-November 2023 planting season. The project will support the nutritional needs of children, people disabled or chronically ill and female-headed households by providing basic seeds and tools for home gardening and technical training on improved nutrition and climate-smart production practices. About 150,000 women will receive training in culture and nutrition. The project will strengthen the links of farmers and women involved in gardening with local markets to facilitate the sale of marketable surpluses of wheat, vegetables and pulses. The project will also increase access to irrigation water, improve soil and water conservation, and build climate resilience by supporting the rehabilitation and improvement of selected irrigation and watershed management systems. on 137,000 hectares of land. A total of $195 million will be released in two tranches: $150 million and $45 million.

  • Afghanistan Community Resilience and Livelihoods Project will help provide short-term livelihoods and provide urgent essential services in rural and urban areas. The project aims to provide livelihoods and income opportunities to one million households in 6,450 rural communities across Afghanistan and the cities of Bamyan, Herat, Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, Khost, Kunduz and Mazar-e – Sharif. In addition, an estimated 9.3 million Afghans in the same areas will benefit from public services and basic services such as drinking water, sanitation and road rehabilitation. Women and vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities and displaced people, will receive special assistance. The project will use a bottom-up approach through Community Development Councils (CDCs) which have been providing services to communities for over 18 years. In addition, by engaging local private sector contractors in the towns, the project will contribute to maintaining the local capacity for the execution of civil works which has gradually developed over the past two decades. The activities are coordinated with the “ABADEI” program of the United Nations. A total of $265 million will be released in two tranches: $100 million and $165 million.

  • Afghanistan Health Emergency Response Project increase the use and quality of essential health services in Afghanistan. The project aims to provide basic health, nutrition and COVID-19 services in partnership with national and international service providers, in more than 2,300 health facilities across the country. Among other expected results, the project will allow two million children to be fully vaccinated and more than 1.2 million women will give birth in health facilities. The project will further improve nutrition services in community and health facilities. The project is also expected to help strengthen the capacity of the health system to prevent and respond to infectious disease outbreaks and contribute to the efforts of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in the country. Overall, the project aims to support the continued access of women and children to basic health services. A total of $333 million will be released in two tranches: $169 million, including $150 million from the ARTF and $19 million from the Global Financing Facility (GFF), and $164 million from the ARTF.

  • The Afghanistan Education Emergency Response (EERA) The project will increase girls’ and boys’ access to education and improve learning conditions across Afghanistan. It aims to reach out-of-school children, including adolescent girls, through a combination of community-based education and innovative approaches to provide learning options for high school girls who are out of school. EERA will also support public primary school students by providing them with teaching and learning materials and implement gender-focused school rehabilitation by constructing water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. (WASH) and boundary walls, which are seen as key to improving girls’ participation. . The project is funded by a $100 million ARTF grant and will be implemented by UNICEF.

  • The NGO/CSO Capacity Support Project recognizes the important cross-cutting role that non-governmental and civil society organizations (NGOs and CSOs) undertake to provide basic services throughout Afghanistan and works to build the capacity of selected registered organizations to improve their performance and their effectiveness. The project is funded by a $20 million ARTF grant and will be implemented by UNDP.

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